Human Trafficking

Definition and Terminology

Sex Trafficking

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, r coercion or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age.

Labor Trafficking

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

22 U.S.C. § 7102, Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act. (2000). Sec. 201–103, 106th U.S. Congress

The Kentucky Department for Community Based Services gratefully acknowledges the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime, for allowing us to reproduce, in whole, Faces of Human Trafficking Video 6: Focus on Youth. This video was prepared by the Office for Victims of Crime.     Discussion Guide

National Resources

Recommended Books

Very Young Girls:
By Rachel Lloyd, GEMS

Critically acclaimed by the New York Times and film festivals around the world, Very Young Girls is an exposé of human trafficking that follows 13- and 14-year-old American girls as they are seduced, abused, and sold on New York’s streets by pimps, and treated as adult criminals by police. The film follows the barely-adolescent girls in real time, using vérité and intimate interviews with them as they are first lured on to the streets and the dire events that follow.


Girls Lke Us
By Rachel Lloyd, Founder and CEO of GEMS

In Girls Like Us, Lloyd reveals the dark world of commercial sex trafficking in cinematic detail and tells the story of her groundbreaking nonprofit organization: GEMS (Girls Educational and Mentoring Services). With great humanity, she shares the stories of the girls whose lives GEMS has helped—small victories that have healed her wounds and made her whole. Revelatory, authentic, and brave, Girls Like Us is an unforgettable memoir.

A Survivor’s Guide to Leaving
By Sheila White and Rachel Lloyd

The Survivor’s Guide to Leaving is a groundbreaking book designed to support survivors of commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking. The Survivor’s Guide to Leaving shares stories, tips and ideas from survivors to help navigate the challenges during those early months of exiting. Inspired by the questions and concerns of thousands of girls and young women throughout GEMS’ 20 years of programming, the book was written by survivors to directly address those common questions.

Designed as a youth-friendly book with colorful graphics, including illustrations by survivors, The Survivor’s Guide to Leaving is recommended as a vital resource for commercially sexually exploited youth (and adults). This book can be purchased in bulk orders to ensure that all youth in your program have this invaluable book to support them through their individual journeys of leaving and healing.

NOTE: If you are the caregiver of a survivor, please contact to request a copy of The Survivor’s Guide to Leaving. This resource is available to child and youth survivors of human trafficking through the Kentucky Department for Community Based Services with the support of grant 2020-NZ-NX-0003-00, awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this content are those of the contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.

Kentucky Resources

What to do if you suspect that a child is being or has been trafficked?

  • If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, please call 911.
  • Make a report to Kentucky’s Statewide Child Abuse Hotline Number 1-877-597-2331 (Toll Free) or on the Kentucky Child/Adult Protective Services Reporting System.
  • If the incident you are reporting occurred outside Kentucky, please Click Here for a listing of State child welfare numbers.

You may also make a report to:

  • National Human Trafficking Hotline (24 hour crisis response resource): 1-888-373-7888
    • The toll-free hotline is available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year in more than 200 languages. CALL 1-888-373-7888 OR TEXT 233733. The National Hotline can also be accessed by emailing, submitting a tip through the online tip reporting form, and visiting the web portal at
  • NCMEC’s CyberTipline® at or by calling 1-800-THE-LOST® (1-800-843-5678).

About Us

Kentucky's Just in Time Training is a web based service program designed to connect foster parents, kinship or other caregivers with training, peer experts and other resources. Questions are answered and practical solutions to care for children are discussed - all from the comfort of your home or office.


If you have difficulty accessing any material on this site, please contact us in writing and we will work with you to make the information available. You can direct your request to